Ranked Ballot Elections for Ontario Municipalities
Municipal affairs November 16, 2017
Rules for ranked ballot elections are set out in the Municipal Elections Act, 1996 and Ontario Regulation 310/16.
Beginning in 2018, municipalities in Ontario have the option to use ranked ballots for council elections as an alternative to first-past-the-post. Ranked ballots allow voters to rank candidates in order of preference for a particular office. For example, when voting for mayor, a voter can rank one or more candidates for that office. Ranked ballots allow a voter to express additional preferences in the event that their first choice is eliminated in the first (or in a later) round of counting.